Otolaryngology is the medical specialty concerned with disorders and conditions of the ear, nose, and throat (ENT) region of the body. If you have a problem related to these body areas, your regular primary care doctor may refer you to an ENT specialist.
What is an ENT?
An ear, nose, and throat specialist, also known as an ENT or otolaryngologist, is a doctor who possesses a set of specialized skills. Those who work within this field diagnose and treat a wide variety of conditions related to the ears, nose, and throat in both adults and children.
The ENT doctor determines the cause and then finds the right method of treatment for the individual. Otolaryngology specialists also provide checkups, perform surgeries, and test for many diseases associated with the head and neck.
What conditions do ENTs treat?
There are numerous ear-related conditions that are treated by ENT doctors. When working with the ears, these doctors identify, evaluate, and correct many clinical problems. They use different devices or surgery to treat conditions such as hearing loss, ear infections, nerve damage, balance disorders, and even birth disorders that affect both the inner or outer area of the ear.
Problems involving the nose are also treated by ENTs, such as deviated septum, nose bleeds, nerve disorders, chronic sinusitis, and smell and sensory issues. They can also treat allergies and breathing problems that are the result of a problem with the nasal cavity.
Treatment of the throat area involves mouth lesions, cancer, snoring and sleep apnea, speech problems, and vocal issues, as well as eating disabilities and speaking limitations. ENTs also treat infections of the throat and tonsils that are acute or chronic, and perform surgery as necessary.